Great tips for introducing kids to uppercase and lowercase letters

Children see printed letters everywhere in the environment, such as on signs, in books, and on food packages. Children generally first learn to identify the uppercase letters. However, the words that children will see in books and in their environment are mostly comprised of a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, with a predominance of lowercase letters. For this reason, it is imperative that children learn to identify the lowercase letter that corresponds to each uppercase letter.

Fortunately, some lowercase letters are simply miniature versions of the uppercase letter. For example, the lowercase letters c, o, s, v, x, w, k, and z look nearly identical to their uppercase counterparts. Other lowercase letters are very similar to the their uppercase counterparts and are fairly easy for children to learn, such as the lowercase letters f, j, p, t, u, and y. The good news for young kids is that these letters comprise over half the alphabet!

Uppercase and lowercase letters worksheets

These new uppercase and lowercase letters worksheets provide a great opportunity for children to practice matching uppercase letters with their lowercase partners. The beginning set of worksheets features the easy-to-read School Sparks font that is used throughout the worksheets. The intermediate level worksheets increase the difficulty level by requiring children to identify uppercase and lowercase letters that are printed in a different, possibly less familiar, font.

To encourage your child’s comfort identifying both uppercase and lowercase letters, consider trying some of these extra activities:

  • Allow your child to use the computer keyboard to learn and practice naming letters. You can sit with your child and ask him to find a specific letter on the keyboard. He will need to be able to recognize the uppercase letter to do this correctly. Then have your child hit the letter key to see the lowercase letter on the computer screen. Let him make an entire row of the same letter, looking first at the keyboard and then punching the letter key one time to produce the lowercase letter. Choose a large size for the font, such as 36 or 40, to make it easy for your child to see the lowercase letter formation. Also, select a font that has the lowercase a and g that look like the School Sparks font, which is the way children are taught to write the letters. Specifically, the lowercase a should have a circle and line and the lowercase g should have a circle and a tail. These two letters can have different looks in many fonts, so pay attention to the font as your child is learning. Century Gothic and Comic Sans MS are fonts that work well.
  • Play a “letter of the day” game with your child. Give your child several pages from a magazine or catalog, or use some old greeting cards. Declare a single letter the “letter of the day” and then ask your child to use a marker or crayon to circle the “letter of the day” when he sees it in either the uppercase and lowercase formation. This will give your child valuable practice identifying letters in a variety of fonts.
  • Make a card for each uppercase and each lowercase letter by writing each letter on a small index card. Then, scramble the cards in a large pile. Begin by playing with a limited number of pairs of cards so that the game is not overwhelming. Also, you might want to ask your child to select the letters he wants to play with as you work your way up to playing with all 52 pairs of cards. Direct your child to pick one card at a time and then hunt in the stack for the corresponding letter written in the opposite style (a lowercase b, for example, matches to an uppercase B.)  Ask him to make all of the matches, naming each letter as he does so, before turning the cards face down.

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