Summer is a great time for children to hone very important visual discrimination skills. Visual discrimination is the ability to spot and identify details in images. You can quickly understand how vital this skill is to a child learning to read or work with numbers. A young student must be able to recognize the specific elements in printed letters so that he can remember the shape and then the name (and later the sound) of each letter. To add to the difficulty of this task, many letters have similar formations. For example, the letters P, B and R all start with the P formation. The N, V, M and W are also quite similar. And the list can go on: O, Q, C and D are similar in their formation as are J and L or E and F. Numerals also have similarities that must be recognized. Look at these potentially confusing pairs: 3 & 8, 6 & 9, and 2 & 5. Even before young children are introduced to letter and numeral formations, they can begin to sharpen their visual discrimination skills and learn to look for details in objects or pictures that they see.